Q:

Will a down sleeping bag wet-out in the tropics?

I have a good-quality down sleeping bag that includes a nylon taffeta shell, and I'm looking into ways of improving its water repellency so that it's more effective in very humid conditions (for exple, Tasmania's temperate rainforests). I have considered Nikwax Downproof, but have heard that it can reduce the bag's overall thermal efficiency. What do you think of other treatment options? Of course, another approach, albeit heavier, might be to get a light, breathable bivy for the bag. Hannah Perth, Australia

Feb 20, 2004
Outside
Outside Magazine

TX-Direct

A: When I hear the word humid, I tend to think "warm and moist." Tropical, in other words. Now if the weather here in the cool, often rainy Pacific Northwest (it's pouring as I write this, in fact) is anything to go by, we can at least swap notes on the watery aspect of your quandary, which is actually the main variable people consider when it comes to down.

Contrary to popular belief, though, down bags actually hold up pretty well in the wet. They don't if you're just sleeping in the bag in the open. But if you're sleeping in a tent or similar rain shelter, it takes a long time for a down bag to soak up enough ambient moisture from damp air or occasional splashes of rain to really lose insulation. Yes, it CAN happen—shock, down bags can indeed get wet—but if you're careful, your bag should work well for days.

Now, can you do anything to ensure the bag operates at peak efficiency for as long as possible? Well, sure. The bag almost certainly has a shell that was treated for moisture repellency, but you can still supplement that. Nikwax Downproof ($11 for a bottle here in the U.S.) is an interesting choice. It's basically a water-soluble wax that adds a light, water-resistant coating to the shell and down fill of a sleeping bag. That will help the shell to shed moisture, and prevents the down from absorbing moisture more quickly than it normally would. But, as a wash-in chemical, it also "adds" something to the down. I suppose it may slightly reduce the down's loft, too, although I've not heard any complaints about this. So that's one choice.

The other is a spray-on DWR (durable water-repellent finish) similar to what was put on the bag in the first place. Nikwax TX-Direct ($12.50 for ten ounces) fits the bill here, and although it's not specifically recommended for down bags, I see no reason not to use it. It'll help bead up water that falls on the bag when the tent door is open or when you're packing and unpacking it.

I wouldn't use a bag cover, as that may really cause problems by trapping moisture from your body.

My own feeling is that the bag will work just fine, as is. But, for extra peace of mind, a shot of TX-Direct will do no harm and might even do some good. I'm a little less keen on the wash-in stuff as that fundamentally changes the nature of the down.

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