What it is: The ginger root has a light brown stem, and, depending on the variety, a white, red, or yellow flesh. It’s been used medicinally in Indian and Chinese cultures for more than 5,000 years.
It’s best known for treating stomach ailments, including upset stomach, gas, motion sickness, and diarrhea. Like turmeric, ginger has both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. One study found that a 250mg capsule of ginger was as effective as 400mg of ibuprofen at relieving menstrual cramps.
How to use it: Ginger is sold in capsule form in doses typically ranging from 550mg to 700mg. If you don’t want to pop a pill, try tossing some chopped fresh ginger root into a stir fry, or use it in a salmon glaze.