During Britain's Great Trigonometric Survey, Peak XV is recognized as the world's tallest and named for Surveyor-General of India George Everest.
Brits George Mallory and Andrew Irvine disappear on their summit bid, spurring decades of speculation about their fate.
British mystic Maurice Wilson flies to India, sneaks into Tibet, and attempts the mountain. His body is found the next year.
Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary knock the bastard off.
Jim Whittaker makes the first American ascent on May 1. Three weeks later Tom Hornbein and Willi Unsoeld complete the West Ridge.
Austrians Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler make the first ascent without bottled oxygen.
A team of Poles, led by Krzysztof Wielicki make the first winter ascent.
Americans Kim Momb, Carlos Buhler, and Louis Reichardt make the first ascent of the scary-looking Kangshung Face.