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  • Photo: Thomas L. Kelly

    Mongolia travel mound with blue flag

    The highest and most sacred points of a road are marked with an obo—a wayside totem on which travelers will deposit small stones (one for each family member) and small offerings of alcohol for luck.

  • Photo: Thomas L. Kelly

    Map of Mongolia

    Genghis Khan's 13th-century empire stretched from Southeast Asia to Finland. Today, although dwarfed by the monoliths of China and Russia, the swathes of unfenced land and 12-to-one ratio of livestock to people ensure Mongolia's boundaries still seem endless.

  • Photo: Thomas L. Kelly

    Mongolian girl in front of water sitting with fish

    The harsh Mongolian terrain and climate engender a need for mutual interdependence; local herders will help set up camps and provide travelers with local delicacies such as fish, yak cheese, and reindeer milk.

  • Photo: Thomas L. Kelly

    Mongolian men smiling at camera

    Modern-day trappings are beginning to infiltrate Mongolia's traditional nomadic lifestyle, its roots in Hun, Scythian, and Tartar cultures. Some herders now prefer to use motorbikes—or "iron horses"—rather than horses.

  • Photo: Thomas L. Kelly

    Tour in Mongolian steppe on horseback

    The Gobi Desert and the mountainous Mongolian steppe are the stuff of legend, but guided horseback expeditions, led by local herdsmen and supplied by yaks shouldering equipment and supplies, are coloring this myth with reality.

  • Photo: Thomas L. Kelly

    Mongolian man standing in traditional dress

    Forever resourceful, even the Mongolian traditional dress, the digil (a long textile gown) can serve as a tent, blanket, or cover against the cold and severe winds. Women wear ornate vests over their digil and men tie a colorful behen, or sash, around their waists.

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