One of the principles of down sleeping bags is that they must breathe. So, how practical is it to use eVENT fabric in a down sleeping bag to make it waterproof and breathable? Or is it better to go with a water-resistant shell instead, which may be more breathable? Peter Würzburg, Germany
On the other hand, too much moisture from the outside can do the same thing. Hence, a continual search by bag makers for a good shell material that will keep the insulation dry, yet breathe well enough to ensure that moisture isn't trapped inside. Gore's DryLoft has been a long-popular product along these lines. Think of it as essentially "Gore-Tex Lite": not heavy enough to keep a bag dry under hard rain, but enough to shed flakes of snow, a little dripping from the tent fly as you get in and out of the tent, that sort of thing. Feathered Friends uses, among other things, eVENT, a waterproof-breathable fabric that is somewhat similar to Gore-Tex chemically but that has a more open pore structure. It's available in their 20-degree Swallow bag, for instance, for $355 versus $270 for the standard nylon-shell bag (www.featheredfriends.com).
My own experience with eVENTin a bicycling jackethas been extremely favorable. It breathes well and is waterproof. So while I haven't tried a bag made with it, my belief is that it probably works pretty well, minimizing condensation while shedding extraneous water.
The question is: Do you really need it? I'll concede that keeping a down bag dry on a wet, weeklong camping trip can be a challenge. But in that sort of weather you're better off with a synthetic-fill bag anyway, so the moisture issue is taken off the table. Otherwise, good camp craft can keep a down bag dry under most conditions. And, many good shell materials today breathe very well and offer good water-resistant characteristics. I've long thought the best shell material is a polyester microfiber, which is what Western Mountaineering, Marmot, and other companies use in several of their bags. This fabric is very breathable, windproof, and because polyester absorbs less water than nylon, inherently water-shedding. For most conditions, that would be my first choice.