Do compressed-gas stoves outperform white-gas stoves?

I've always carried white-gas stoves, but a friend of mine says that a compressed-gas stove is the way to go. He says it's lighter, more reliable, and burns hotter even at altitude. Is this true? Gary Salt Lake City, Utah


Some of what your friend says is true. Sort of. As a general rule of thumb, stoves that use butane/propane canisters weigh less than gas stoves. They’re simpler in construction and don’t need the fuel lines, pumps, and so on. For instance, MSR’s long-popular WhisperLite Shaker stove ($70;, a white-gas model, weighs 13.12 ounces without the fuel bottle. That same company’s canister-fueled Pocket Rocket ($40) weighs a mere 3.2 ounces.

MSR Pocket Rocket

The MSR Pocket Rocket

For short trips, if you toss in a single fuel canister then you’re setup in almost all cases will be lighter than carrying a liquid fuel stove, the fuel bottle, and fuel. It gets a little more complicated on longer trips, however. The Pocket Rocket boils slightly less water per eight ounces of fuel than the WhisperLite. So for long trips the WhisperLite will, eventually, be the lighter stove. I can’t say what that point would be—it depends on your cooking habits and whether you need to melt snow, that sort of thing. I also think that canister-fuel stoves incur a slight penalty because you can’t fine-tune your fuel load. You can take one canister, or two…or three, etc. With white gas you can be more precise and measure the fuel out by the fluid ounce.

As for me, I’d say that trips of fives days or fewer would be lighter with canister stoves. More than that, I’d take liquid fuel. A hyper-efficient stove such as the Jetboil Personal Cooking System ($90; would extend that trade-off point by another five days. Its downside is that it’s a boiling-only stove, with no real “cooking" possible. Although, they did recently release a fry-pan attachment ($50) to combat this issue.

Reliability advantages? Yeah, I’m willing to believe that canister stoves are more reliable. They have fewer moving parts, no pumps that can break, and better quality control in the fuel. Do they burn hotter at altitude? Absolutely not. Canister stoves are MUCH improved in this arena in the past decade, but for very cold weather (below 10F) and when above 10,000 feet or so, I think liquid-fuel stoves remain the clear choice.

So there you go. Such is life—no clear-cut answers.

Support Outside Online

Our mission to inspire readers to get outside has never been more critical. In recent years, Outside Online has reported on groundbreaking research linking time in nature to improved mental and physical health, and we’ve kept you informed about the unprecedented threats to America’s public lands. Our rigorous coverage helps spark important debates about wellness and travel and adventure, and it provides readers an accessible gateway to new outdoor passions. Time outside is essential—and we can help you make the most of it. Making a financial contribution to Outside Online only takes a few minutes and will ensure we can continue supplying the trailblazing, informative journalism that readers like you depend on. We hope you’ll support us. Thank you.

Contribute to Outside
Filed To: Canister StovesLiquid-Fuel Stoves
Lead Photo: courtesy, REI
More Gear