Adventure

Ötzi the Iceman Gets Genome Sequenced

Man was lactose intolerant, had Lyme

Scientists at the European Institute for Mummies have sequenced the genome of a 5,300-year-old mummy known as Ötzi the Iceman, according to a paper published on Tuesday. Europe's oldest natural human mummy had brown eyes, was lactose intolerant, and contained DNA of the infectious bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. Ötzi appears to have had the first documented case of Lyme disease. Ötzi has been under analysis since 1991, when tourists discovered what they thought was the body of a recently-deceased climber sticking out of a glacier in the Ötzal Alps. He is thought to be the world's first know mountaineering fatality.

Read more in Nature

Our mission to inspire readers to get outside has never been more critical. In recent years, Outside Online has reported on groundbreaking research linking time in nature to improved mental and physical health, and we’ve kept you informed about the unprecedented threats to America’s public lands. Our rigorous coverage helps spark important debates about wellness and travel and adventure, and it provides readers an accessible gateway to new outdoor passions. Time outside is essential—and we can help you make the most of it. Making a financial contribution to Outside Online only takes a few minutes and will ensure we can continue supplying the trailblazing, informative journalism that readers like you depend on. We hope you’ll support us. Thank you.
Contribute to Outside
Filed To: News
More Adventure