Outerwear is a hotbed of innovation these days. Breathability, waterproofness, and insulation are attributes that now come in hard shells, soft shells, hybrids, and even puffy jackets. Hard shells can have serious stretch, and most don't crinkle anymore. Today's top-of-the-line Gore-Tex jacket might breathe better than your soft shell of yore. We looked at 50 pieces, analyzing function, comfort, weight, and intended use, no matter the membrane or jacket type. Price was more important than ever, too, so we included multiple sub-$300 picks.