At 4:10 a.m. on Friday April 22, an Uber driver dropped Emilio and I off at the entrance of Abalone Cove Shoreline Park in Palos Verdes, California—along with our two Oru Coast Kayaks. At 6:30 a.m., we launched the 16-foot-long corrugated plastic origami vessels into the surf, with our sights set on paddling to Two Harbors on Catalina Island, twenty-something miles away.
Nineteen miles into our journey, Catalina Island filled the horizon. We could resolve the details of buildings, trees, and hiking trails. Then at approximately 5:30 p.m., with just four or five miles left to paddle until landfall, Emilio and I agreed to call in “Mayday, mayday, mayday” on our VHF marine radio. A small craft advisory had come into effect that afternoon, and strong winds had blown us about six miles south of our intended course. We had been battling the gale since 2 p.m. and were barely making any headway. Nightfall was near. We would’ve never make it back up to Two Harbors with the current conditions, so we decided to ask for help. Here’s how we did it, and what we learned from the experience.
When planning any sort of adventure, it’s imperative to leave a detailed itinerary with someone you can trust. In this case, Emilio and I left one with our girlfriends, who had taken the ferry across that same morning and were waiting for us in Two Harbors. We had also provided them with a link to track our progress which was being transmitted through a DeLorme InReach Explorer that we carried during the trip. In addition to providing GPS tracking intervals and two way satellite communication via SMS (never rely on your phone when venturing out into the wilderness,) the InReach also features a one-push SOS button that can be used in the event of an emergency. However, we instead relied on a VHF marine radio for communication—and used the InReach to provide real time GPS coordinates.
These electronic devices are weatherproof, but cannot be submerged underwater, so keep them inside of a waterproof dry sack when not in use. If you're kayaking, the dry sack can be stored in a fanny pack for quick access. It’s also a good idea to have a whistle—and a couple of signaling devices like a mirror and flare gun to help make other vessels aware of your position.
Additionally, since this was an unsupported crossing attempt, we each carried about two gallons of easily accessible freshwater. Since we would be almost constantly paddling, Emilio and I drank from hydration bladders and sipped regularly to stay hydrated throughout the day. In addition to water, we each carried several thousand calories’ worth of snacks in the form of meal bars, energy gels, and chews. These would provide for quick, easy-to-consume nutrition throughout the day. What we failed to consider was the possibility of seasickness; as such, we did not carry any remedies such as ginger or Dramamine. This would prove to be a discouraging—but not defeating—mistake.
We also wore wetsuits (the Patagonia R1 Wetsuit Top did the trick for me) sun hats, Buffs, wrap-around sunglasses, sunscreen, neoprene gloves and booties, and boat shoes for protection from the elements—in addition to our Coast Guard-certified PFDs.
Most importantly, we carried a GPS, and a VHF marine radio. When venturing out onto open water, it’s imperative to carry these. It’s equally important that you know how to use them. These are the basics.
A dedicated, handheld GPS receiver can accurately calculate time and location by receiving information from GPS satellites. The receiver will display your location using geographic coordinates in the Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds (DMS) format which will look something like this: 33°29'10.7"N+118°27'22.8"W.
A GPS receiver like the InReach Explorer can also be used to plot a route and track metrics such as speed and distance traveled. Each model varies, so be sure to familiarize yourself with its functions before venturing out. We used ours primarily to recall our location for Search and Rescue.
VHF Marine Radio
VHF stands for “Very High Frequency,” which is the spectrum that Marine Band channels operate on. If your vessel is non-powered, like our lowly kayaks, you’ll want to carry a handheld model. These are less powerful than fixed-mount units, but they’re just as versatile and will definitely get the job done. This is the single most important piece of equipment that you can carry while traveling on open water.
Before using your VHF marine radio, it’s important to understand what it’s for, how you should use it, and how to not be an idiot on its open channels. First, keep in mind that any conversation on any of its bands is public. This means that anyone tuned into the same frequency as you can listen in on a conversation. Marine channels are also not designed for frivolous chatter, which can prevent frequencies from being utilized by people who actually need them. Regulations require radio chatter to be for operational purposes only. Relaying weather information, setting up a rendezvous, or calling for help are all appropriate uses. Even then, keep conversations short and to the point. The most important channel that you should be aware of is Channel 16, which is for international distress, safety, and calling. You should at the very least, know how to call for help using this channel.
What to Do When SHTF
When a situation escalates beyond your comfort zone, the most important measure is to stay calm. If adventuring with a partner or as part of a team, it’s also important to be attuned to your party’s condition. Your comfort zone may not be aligned with theirs; if you’re the team leader, you must respect your team’s needs. There’s a time to push through, there’s a time to let up or seek alternate measures than originally planned. This is dependent upon the team.
Emilio and I were fighting a losing battle due to the high winds at sea. Despite our best efforts, we were being pushed further and further away from our final destination of Two Harbors. As much as both of us desperately wanted to make landfall and complete our journey, we determined that the best course of action for us was to use the VHF marine radio to call for help. Here’s how to do it.
If your situation is dire (ie: life and death, serious injury, sinking vessel, etc.,) key in channel 16 and call “Mayday, mayday, mayday.” If your situation is under control, but has the potential to get worse (ie: taking on water,) key in the channel and call “Pan-pan, pan-pan, pan-pan” (pronounced “pawn-pawn.”) Follow both by your vessel’s name or description (ie. we were “Two Kayakers in Distress”) and repeat the name three times. Then give your waypoints (which can be found using your GPS) and state any geographical references. Follow that with a description of your situation or emergency, including the number of people on-board as well as their condition. Sign off by repeating your vessel’s name once more; then unkey the channel on your radio.
The Coast Guard monitors channel 16 and will likely ask you to respond with a “long count,” which will enable them to determine your general location based on the transmission. To do a long count, simply count slowly from one to ten; then back down from ten to one.
Once the Coast Guard determines your location, they will reach out to any vessels in the area, seeking assistance on your behalf. Once contact with an available vessel in the vicinity has been established, the Coast Guard will ask for your updated location and relay that to the rescue vessel. In our case, it was a Los Angeles County Fire Department patrol boat stationed at Two Harbors nearby.
While waiting for your rescue, remain calm, attentive, and in control of yourself. The environment will almost certainly be out of your control, but how you react to it is up to you. Panicking or stressing out will not help the situation in any way, so take deep breaths and remain calm. Depending on how remote your position is, rescue could take anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours. In extreme cases, it could even take days, weeks, or months. During this wait period, keep a close ear on your radio. The possibility of a drift is likely, so your rescuers may need periodic updates on your location.
Once the rescuers arrive, the situation’s intensity will likely increase due to new variables in the form of rescue craft and crew—as well as additional noise, wake, and communication. Again, remain calm. Listen carefully to the rescuers instructions and comply to the best of your abilities. It’ll all be over soon.
So How Much Will Search and Rescue Cost You?
This was the first question that we asked once aboard the LAFD patrol boat. The answer, in short, is nothing (unless you’re in a few select states). According to a Coast Guard spokesperson, in regards to a family’s rescue off the coast of Mexico in 2014, the Coast Guard is “here to provide a public service to U.S. citizens in distress.'' A spokesperson for the California Air National Guard, agreed: "Bottom line, you can't put a price on life.'' These rescues are funded by taxpayer dollars—which is a great reason to not abuse the privilege of SAR.
What Could We Have Done Differently?
While planning our adventure, Emilio and I had expected forecasted winds throughout the afternoon. According to LAFD Baywatch Isthmus captain Steve Kirkland, who rescued us along with ocean lifeguard specialist Dustin Stevens, the Small Craft Advisory didn’t go into effect until after we were already out. At that point, Emilio and I could have been monitoring the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s weather channel on our VHF marine radio, which would have allowed for us to adjust our course south and paddle with the wind at our backs to Avalon—instead of fighting against the gale for hours on end.
While neither Emilio nor I were stoked having to be rescued—or having to abandon our mission so close to its completion—we are grateful for the experience and expanded perspective on marine search and rescue. With this experience under our belts and Captain Kirkland’s blessing, we’ll undoubtedly be attempting Catalina Channel crossing again—albeit more prepared for the full day at sea.