10 Adventurers on the Books that Changed Their Lives
The works that kept Alexi Pappas running, spurred Bill McKibben to fight for nature, and made Laird Hamilton… Laird Hamilton.
Get full access to Outside Learn, our online education hub featuring in-depth fitness, nutrition, and adventure courses and more than 2,000 instructional videos when you sign up for Outside+.
Maybe it’s an oversimplification to say that books can change your life, but words are important (we say from inside the word factory). Books can galvanize a desire to live a certain way—more than one westward move has been spurred by a scuffed-up copy of Desert Solitaire.
We asked some of the people who inspire us with their athletic, artistic, and environmental feats if they credit any books with setting them on their paths. Turns out they do. And there were some real surprises in the mix.
Melissa Arnot Reid
‘West with the Night’ by Beryl Markham
Mountaineer Melissa Arnot Reid frequently returns to Beryl Markham’s account of growing up in Kenya and becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic. “She was tough but also beautiful and gentle, and her writing really evoked adventure,” Reid says. “I heard an interview about her on NPR, and they were saying that an African elder said to her father, when Markham was young, that she would always have success but never happiness. That’s always intrigued me.”
Her Favorite Quote: “We fly, but we have not ‘conquered’ the air. Nature presides in all her dignity, permitting us the study and the use of such of her forces as we may understand. It is when we presume to intimacy, having been granted only tolerance, that the harsh stick falls across our impudent knuckles and we rub the pain, staring upward, startled by our ignorance.”
‘Willpower: Rediscovering the Greatest Human Strength’ by Roy F. Baumeister
When distance runner Alexi Pappas was assigned psychologist Baumeister’s book about self-control as summer reading in college, it changed the way she thought about her limits as an athlete. “The book gave me the words to identify some of the things I was feeling,” Pappas says. “It taught me that I have a certain amount of willpower that can be depleted but can also be replenished, which are both such important things to know and realize as an athlete trying to push boundaries and improve yet also have longevity. It also told me that it is okay and super important to sleep.”
Our Favorite Quote: “For most of us, though, the problem is not a lack of goals but rather too many of them.”
‘Natural Born Heroes’ by Christopher McDougall
Cooperation might not be the first thing that comes to mind when you think about superhuman solo athlete Laird Hamilton, but that’s what he got out of Natural Born Heroes, McDougall’s look at how the Laird-like athletes of ancient Greece are still going strong on the island of Crete. Hamilton says he was struck by the idea that evolution and survival are based on teamwork. “Competition has its place, but if we are really going to get somewhere, cooperation is key,” he says. He’s also—slightly less surprisingly—into the idea that the goat herders of ancient Crete got their power from living close to the land.
Our Favorite Quote: “Crete has another nickname—‘the Island of Heroes’—which I’d only discovered by accident. I was researching Pheidippides, the ancient Greek messenger who inspired the modern marathon, when I came across an odd reference to a modern-day Pheidippides named George Psychoundakis, better known as ‘the Clown.’ The Clown was awe-inspiring. When Hitler’s forces invaded Crete, he transformed himself overnight from a sheep farmer into a mountain-running messenger for the Resistance. Somehow, George was able to master challenges that would stagger an Olympic athlete: he could scramble snowy cliffs with a sixty-pound pack on his back, run fifty-plus miles through the night on a starvation diet of boiled hay, and outfox a Gestapo death squad that had him cornered. George wasn’t even a trained soldier; he was a shepherd living a sleepy, peaceful life until the day German parachutes popped open over his home.
Until then, I’d thought the secrets of ancient heroes like Pheidippides were either half myth or lost to antiquity, but here was a normal man pulling off the same feats 2,500 years later. And he wasn’t alone.”
‘The Moon by Whale Light’ by Diane Ackerman
Amy Kober, national communications director for American Rivers, was on a coastal ecology field study in college when she read Ackerman’s account of tagging along on wildlife expeditions. It underscored how much Kober wants to protect wild places. “We were on the west coast of Vancouver Island, immersed in old growth and wild beaches and skinny-dipping in bioluminescence,” she says. “And then I found this book that mirrored my own awe and sense of discovery. I still have the book, and it’s all underlined, with a list of words and phrases scribbled on the back page.”
Our Favorite Quote: “There was nothing to do but wait. It is always like this for naturalists, and for poets—the long hours of travel and preparation, and then the longer hours of waiting. All for that one electric, pulse-revving vision when the universe suddenly declares itself.”
‘Pilgrim at Tinker Creek’ by Annie Dillard
Patience and an appreciation for detail are two shared job requirements for filmmakers and environmental organizers. Taylor Rees, who does both of these jobs, says Dillard’s deep, slow look at her backyard environment made her realize she was part of the ecosystem around her, instead of just an observer. “Her writing became a practice of awareness for me, something I try to embody whenever I am outside,” Rees says. “It’s put my work in climate change, science, film, and digital media into context—put it back into the living world, where the reasons for working began and belong.”
Her Favorite Quote: “Our life is a faint tracing on the surface of mystery, like the idle curved tunnels of leaf miners on the face of a leaf. We must somehow take a wider view, look at the whole landscape, really see it, and describe what’s going on here. Then we can at least wail the right question into the swaddling band of darkness, or, if it comes to that, choir the proper praise.”
‘Thinking Fast and Slow’ by Daniel Kahneman
In his job as host of the Dirtbag Diaries podcast, Fitz Cahall breaks down a lot of the one-dimensional conventions we have about the outdoors, from weekend warriors to environmental activism. The book that Cahall says colored a lot of his thinking, Thinking Fast and Slow, does the same, just on a different scale. “I think for me it basically comes down to this: there are a lot of obvious ways of looking at the world and at people, but they aren’t always the correct ones,” he says. “We are really good at tricking ourselves into following others and our own deep biases. Right now, I think it’s worth examining how we think, how we engage, and how we empathize with others. There are a lot of ideas in that book, but I think what’s important is that questioning our assumptions is more imperative than ever.”
Our Favorite Quote: “Our comforting conviction that the world makes sense rests on a secure foundation: our almost unlimited ability to ignore our ignorance.”
‘The High Adventure of Eric Ryback’ by Eric Ryback
Ryback was the first person to thru-hike the Pacific Crest Trail. He was 18 at the time, and his account of the trip is the first book that Mike Douglas, the godfather of freeskiing, remembers reading. Ryback’s claims about hiking the PCT end-to-end were disputed after his publisher alleged he hitchhiked parts of the trip, but his stories about the sufferfest stuck with Douglas. “I had just gotten really into skiing and hiking, and it helped fuel my wanderlust,” Douglas says. “Considering I read it over 30 years ago and can still remember some details and the title shows it had some affect on me.”
Our Favorite Quote: “This is a personal account of a 2,500-mile trek to manhood.”
‘Nature, Man, and Woman’ by Alan Watts
Jainee Dial, cofounder of the women’s gear site Wylder Goods, says she reads Nature, Man, and Woman when she’s feeling overwhelmed and disconnected from the outdoors. It’s a reminder to get outside when she gets too sucked into running a business in a city. “Alan Watts was the Carl Sagan of Taoism and mindfulness, in my opinion, and this book has the capacity to challenge the over-intellectualization of the phrase ‘communing with nature,’ which has a kind of ridiculous tone these days,” she says.
Her Favorite Quote: “In many so-called primitive cultures it is a requirement or tribal initiation to spend a lengthy period of time alone in the forests or mountains, a period of coming to terms with the solitude and nonhumanity of nature so as to discover who, or what, one really is—a discovery hardly possible while the community is telling you what you are, or ought to be.”
‘The New American Road Trip Mixtape’ by Brendan Leonard
When he started living out of his station wagon after a bad breakup—a trip that would become the backbone of The New American Road Trip Mixtape—Brendan Leonard was asking himself a lot of questions, like “Should I have kids?” and “What do I really need?” Photographer Forest Woodward says he was struck by one question: “What is a life?” Now he goes back to the question all the time. “I find my answers vary from day to day,” Woodward says. “But they always push me toward wild spaces, toward meaningful relationships, toward the exploration of self and the testing of our physical limits.”
Our Favorite Quote: “I had been driving all over the west since I was 24, watching great mountains and endless deserts pass by my car windows as my mind wandered, seven or nine days at a stretch. I didn’t want to fly halfway around the world, see the Eiffel Tower, the Colosseum, or whatever. I felt better placing a bet on driving west.”
Anything by Edward Abbey or Wendell Berry
Writer and 350.org founder Bill McKibben, whose own words have become touchstones for a lot of environmental advocates, says he was inspired early on by the works of Edward Abbey and Wendell Berry. The two took very different tacks when it came to environmental activism (it’s hard to imagine Berry blowing anything up), but they were both wholeheartedly committed to the places they lived. “In some ways they were opposites, and in some ways very close, and they both admired each other enormously,” McKibben says. “In fact, there’s a kind of funny correspondence somewhere where they try to pin the label of America’s Great Essayist on the other.”
So here’s some Berry:
“Always in the big woods when you leave familiar ground and step off alone into a new place there will be, along with the feelings of curiosity and excitement, a little nagging of dread. It is the ancient fear of the Unknown, and it is your first bond with the wilderness you are going into.”
And some Abbey:
“I am twenty miles or more from the nearest fellow human, but instead of loneliness I feel loveliness. Loveliness and a quiet exultation.”