Armstrong Names Drug Providers
First details since "Doprah" show
During testimony for a lawsuit against Lance Armstrong by the Acceptance Insurance Company in November, the cyclist cited people involved with his doping practices to investigators. The names were released Wednesday—his first publicly revealed answers under oath since his confession to Oprah Winfrey in January 2013.
According to the testimony, Armstrong’s longtime sport director, Johan Bruyneel, “participated in or assisted with Armstrong’s use of PEDs, and knew of that use through their conversations and acts.” Bruyneel was not named in Armstrong’s confession to Oprah Winfrey in January 2013.
Armstrong also named those who were involved with blood transfusions to bolster oxygen levels in his blood and those who assisted in the delivery of the drugs, VeloNews.com reports. Four men, all part of his cycling entourage, provided Armstrong with performance-enhancing drugs: trainer Pepe Marti, Dr. Pedro Celaya, Dr. Luis del Moral, and Dr. Michele Ferrari.
During Armstrong’s career from 1995 to 2010, former U.S. Postal team soigneur Emma O’Reilly delivered him drugs and supplies. Bike mechanics Julien de Vriese and Philippe Maire were also named.
Armstrong also revealed that team manager Mark Gorski, a gold medalist at the 1984 Summer Olympics, along with Armstrong’s coach and former pro Chris Carmichael, were aware of his use of PEDs, USA Today reports. Carmichael knew as early as 1995.